Callas (Zantedeschia aethiopica) can be probably termed as one of the most beautiful flowers. The waxy white flowers with dainty, ballerina-like twist look so gorgeous and elegant. Also available in pink, red and orange colors, these flowers give your trumpet lilies. Calla lily is also called Lily of the Nile and Trumpet lilies. The flowers have grown to all over world and aren’t limited to its native South African marshlands anymore. In Easter and Weddings, these flowers are first choice due to their mild fragrance and full-fledged blooms. These flowers are about 2feet tall and can grow in containers. These perennial flowers are herbaceous and require part shade during noon. If you are in cooler climate, you need to put the plant in full sun.
The soil should remain moist all the time but like any other flowering plant, over watering of the plant should be avoided at any cost as this can rot the roots. It is important to stop watering the plants when bulbs dry out so that they can be stored for the next season.
Monthly usage of moderate to little fertilizer is recommended. If you spot dark foliage, it is a sign that you are using too much fertilizer and stop adding it to the plant.
For cooler temperatures, you can grow Zantedeschia in containers. When the leaves have fallen and the plant has died in the fall, you can save the bulb to grow it back in the next season.
Calla lily attracts small insects and rodents. Use mild insecticide to spray it on leaves and kill the pests. Use mild fungicide and sprays to prevent the onset of diseases like bacterial soft rot and rhizome rot.
Calla lily plants can be grown from bulbs and seeds. The bulbs need to be dug from the ground after they have died in the fall. The bulbs need to be planted in the ground with the foliage upward. The plant takes about 3 months to bloom.
Loose potting and well-drained yet moist soil is ideal for calla lily. It is advised to add coffee ground to keep the acidic level of soil well-maintained. While you can maintain the foliage of container gardening all year round, but it is better to let it stay dormant for two at least to make way for fully developed and better blooms as the first season will just go like that and the plant may not bloom at all.
Dig up the bulbs just after the first frost. There shouldn’t be any soil left on the bulbs. Give them a few days to dry before you store them for winter. Usually areas which are dark and cool such as peat moss are ideal to store them before you put them back in ground in spring. Calla lilies and its bulbs can be propagated as well as transplanted during their dormancy period too. The best part about growing calla lilies is that they are beautiful flowers that don’t need much of care. With minimal care, they can add color and beauty to your garden or container garden.
Go by these two keywords, regular water and fertilizers. Keep your callas watered and fertilized and rest assured that the flowers are going to spruce up your garden and balcony. Once the foliage is wilting or appearing brown on the corner, move the plants to the shade and cooler area. Stop watering the plant as well. This will ensure that the dormant period goes as predicted. Once the period is over, you can resume watering the plants in two to three weeks.
Calla lilies aren’t true lilies and are available in variety of colors. These grow from rhizomes and used to highlight border and beds of a garden. These can also be grown in containers, outdoors or indoors. These are no maintenance plants and except little watering regime, you don’t have to follow up much. Well-drained and loose soil is ideal for them. The plant should go about 4 inches in the soil and there should be at least the gap of a foot between the bulbs.
Calla lilies are toxic for your four-legged pets. If ingested, it can cause symptoms like nausea, vomiting and mouth irritation in pets. The fragrance attracts the pets towards it.
If even after proper care, the plant isn’t showing any reassuring sign of life, you might want to check the pH level of soil, which should be 6.0 to 6.5 for calla lily.