Orchids can be grown indoors and are one of those beautiful flowers that look great in balconies, passage and in shiny hallways. These don’t require a religious care routine but indeed demand special attention.
Usually, orchids bloom once in a year but gardeners have observed that if the plant finds itself in a adaptable and favorable condition, it might bloom twice a year too. Though, orchids have set particular blooming season and bloom during that period only. The orchid flowers remain in blooming phase for about six to ten weeks that make them a favorite of gardeners and worth all the effort.
This could be because of inadequate light or proper temperature during day or night. Thai orchids need to receive light from above and should be placed close to a window. Lack of proper sunlight can result in smaller leaves and stunted growth in plant.
As far as the temperature is concerned, it should be about 60 degree F in night and above 65-75 degree during day time.
Orchids should never be bone dry. They should remain just aptly moist. The soil should be well-drained and the water shouldn’t be accumulated. Ideally, you should water them as soon as they start approaching dryness. Usually, orchids don’t need to have a scheduled water routine. You should check on them and whenever you think they could use some water, give them some. If you feel that they are dry in the mix and the soil is bit dry too, it is a sure –shot sign that they do. Though however, if you are in doubt, it is better to wait for a day or two before watering them.
Orchids can do with drinking water or rain water but underground water doesn’t do any good to them as they can die from salt contamination.
It is better to create the orchid bath for the flowers. You need to submerge and relax the plant in the water for about 10 minutes. This is to create the impact of the natural habitat of a rainforest for the orchid. Once you see it is time, you can carefully drain the excess water. You can easily use this water for other indoor plants as well. However, ensure that if you are using the orchid bath method for your orchids, don’t water them again unless you observe that the potting mix is close to dry.
The wrinkled leaves of orchids happen due to the lack of moisture, which could be due to two reasons, one because of not watering the plant enough or watering it too much. If you aren’t sure about the main cause behind the wrinkles of orchid leaves, check the roots. If the roots are firm, white or tan, it is time you increase the frequency of watering the plant. If the roots are saggy, reduce the water. However, in any condition, the soil should be well-drained and the plant should never stand in water.
It is completely normal for orchids to secrete a sugary substance that you can wipe off with lukewarm water.
The buds in orchid turn yellow due to the lack of moisture. The lack of water cause the root to absorb moisture from the buds, eventually causing the buds to go yellow or black. You also need to check if the plant is prone to temperature swings or have been exposed to direct sun. It should also be kept away from ventilation pipes. Other than this, chemicals found in paint and natural gas can cause the flower buds to collapse early. Apart from lack of watering, overwatering is the prime cause of buds turning black. Always remember appropriate light, water and temperature is the key to perfect gardening and blooming phase of any plant. This also stands true for Thai orchids as well. Keep the orchids near a window but away from harsh sun and direct sunlight.
Urea-free orchids are recommended by the experts for the orchids, which should be sprayed once-a-week, preferably in the daylight.
To control diseases, you can go for fungicide that can be mixed with a fertilizer. This should be sprayed once in a week. You can mix 20 grams of the fungicide in 20 grams of water for disease control.
Apart from fungicide, orchids also need to be protected from insect and hence, once a week spray of insecticides such as Cypermethyl or Abamectin is recommended. However, please note that you don’t mix the fungicide or fertilizer with the spray of insecticide. There should be a considerable gap of at least 6 to 7 hour. So, if you are spraying fertilizer or fungicide in the morning, keep the spray of insecticide in the evening.
This could be due to several reasons such as:
1) You need to check if it is time to repot the orchids. If it’s been two years in a row, then you should immediately get to it.
2) Prolonged periods of extreme weather conditions can also make the plants skip the blooming process. This occurs when usually there is normal weather but then plant is exposed to certain weather conditions that aren’t good for it.
3) If the plant is moved to different location, then this might occur.