Roses aren’t flowers. Yes, they aren’t. It is indeed a shocker because all of us are used to see roses as the most classic and beautiful flower. Roses come in various sizes and the flowers are available in different colors as well. The attractive and fragrant flowers have become number one choice of gardeners and florists all over the world for fresh flower bouquets and floral arrangements. The flowering season for the roses is early summer and fall.
Roses have also been the number one choice of painters as well. Since the year 1867, the roses have been depicted in paintings. Different types of roses have different hardiness zones and hence, they are adapted to several climates ranging from warm to mild climates. The roses have also undergone hybrid process a lot. The hybrid or imported roses are long-blooming and hardy. These have sturdy stems and are disease-resistant. Hybridization is done to get desired shape, size and fragrance.
Species, or wild, are those that have been growing wild for many thousands of years. These wild roses have been adapted to modern gardens and usually bloom in the spring.
To plant roses, you need to prepare soil, which should have a neutral pH of 5.5 to 7.0. The ideal pH range for the roses should be slightly acidic to neutral with a level of 6.5. If you find that the pH of the soil is acidic, you can mix ground limestone to keep the acidic level in check. The alkaline or sweet soil can be kept in check by adding finely ground sulfur to it.
You should also check with your florist or gardener about the rose species that suit the climate.
You need to order rose in the months of January, February or by March. The plants are in dormant phase and may look like mere bundle of sticks. If you have received roses in containers as a gift, it is recommended to plant them in May or June.
Roses need at least 5 to 6 hours of full sun. So, when you think that the weather is alright for them, plant them. Roses need full sun and partial sunlight can make them weaken gradually. Also, they might need plenty of organic manure to grow holistically. There should be difference between rose beds and plenty of space as well.
Since the roses have thorns, it is advised to wear plastic and thick gloves to protect your hand from them. Keep the roses in water until you are ready to plant them. Except for midsummer, you can cut back and move the roses in spring and fall. It is always better to dig a bigger hole than what is needed. You can dig a planting hole that is at least 15 to 18 inches. It is also better to add organic manure to the soil. You can also put a 16-penny nail and 4 inch gypsum wallboard square that are supposed to provide iron and calcium to the soil, much appreciated by roses as well.
Roses are high maintenance. They need to be watered regularly especially during the dry summer. The sprinkling of water on the leaves should be avoided however as it can make roses prone to fungi. The roses love rains but if your area isn’t getting much of downpour, you need to maintain the water schedule. However, make sure that you don’t let the water accumulate as it can cause rotting in the roots. In winters, too much of water can be deadly for them. The soil should be well-drained and soil should be loose as well as rich.
You can also think about adding mulch, which will help to conserve water and prompt growth for the rose beds. You can think about adding shredded bark, grass shreds and leaves to the bed of roses. Maintain about an inch between the base stem and the mulch.
If you are planting roses for your kitchen, steer clear of chemical-based floral food and fertilizers. Roses require constant care, maintenance and feed throughout the blooming phase. The plant may require a balanced grainy fertilizer from April to July. It should be in the ratio of 5-10-5 or 5-10-10 and should be sprinkled in a drip line and not on the stem. The months of May and June may need the special feed of magnesium sulfate for the new growth. So, add a teaspoon of Epsom salt with the fertilizer.
Spring is the time to prune roses and remove wilted parts of plant. It is advised to wear gloves to avoid brushes against the thorns. Always start with the easy part. Though, you should keep the beds debris free and clean. Removing old flowers and dead leaves religiously prompt healthy growth in plants. Clean rose beds also help to keep diseases and insects at bay.
Roses are usually prone to insects like Japanese Beetles, Aphids, stem borers, thrips and spider mites. Fungi like rust and powdery mildew also affect the plant adversely to a great extent. You can plant garlic and mint around the rose bushes to keep aphids at bay.
Roses attract deer and to prevent them from chewing on the roses, you can plant lavender around them. You can also plant deer-resistant plants around roses.
Roses are diuretic and mildly laxative. Rose tea can help you keep stomach disorders at bay as well as is capable to treat congestion. Among all facials and face tonics, rose water is considered to be the most amazing as it cleanses face and cleans pore thoroughly.