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HOW TO PLANT, GROW, AND CARE FOR Allium

Allium

Allium is a perennial plant and can be witnessed at Chelsea Flower Show at its blooming best. One of its varieties, Purple Sensation Allium is an amazing natural beauty that blooms just in the transition period of spring to early summer.

Just the fact that onions and garlic are a part of the allium family doesn’t stop you from planting these beautiful and ornamental flowers. These are easy to grow and low-maintenance plants that are also resistant to voles, chipmunks, rabbits and deer. Moreover, they don’t even take much space in your garden while providing you bulbs of different colors, flower forms, heights and patterns. In fact their blooming seasons also vary.

Don’t confuse it with ordinary onion and bulbs. The alliums are here from centuries and the plant made the botanists sit up and take notice in the year 1800. As of now, there are more than 800 varieties of allium all over the world. The credit of introducing allium to the world goes to Russian botanists who started collecting the flower bulbs from Central Asia and started introducing them to the world through St. Petersburg’s Imperial Botanical Garden. British horticulturists made it famous all over the world.

  • The Ozawa allium is one of the last perennials and blooms very late. It has showy pink flowers and produces grassy foliage.
  • Yellow allium works well for rock gardens. Gives brighter and beautiful touch to the garden.

 

  • Drumstick allium needs support and hence, it is advised to plant it with other perennials for better support.
  • Everlasting allium is true perennial allium as you can grow it any time of the year.
  • With a hardy level 4, ornamental alliums are drought-resistant and rodent-resistant. They are capable to withstand even the roughest of the climates and terrains. They can grow in every type of soil but it has to be well-drained to prevent root-rot.
  • They are fond of Sun and the more the sunlight, better is their growth and overall strong development.  
  • The alliums don’t even need much of maintenance either. They can be left untouched or untended and they will be all fine.  There aren’t even known serious fungi or bacterial diseases that bother them. Since rodents aren’t much fond of the taste of onions, ornamental or not, it means that your plants stay safe from every aspect.  However, they are still bee-friendly and very beautiful!
  • You can plant alliums in fall.  Since gardeners and people are taking time to develop a liking towards alliums, you need to confirm with the local florist for the readily available bulbs.  They might not be available with them. 
  • However, ‘chives’ is one such ornamental allium that is available in spring and can be planted in a container or pot.
  • Purple allium blooms in early June whereas the most magnificent and tallest of the alliums such as globemaster and gladiator bloom in mid of June.  The flowers are globe-shaped and the stem grows up to 3 to 4 feet.  These go well with iris, peonies and delphiniums.
  • Similarly, Mount Everest is another species that is little short than its counterparts but looks amazing with its burgundy colored foliage.  Corkscrew allium is drought-resistant and can withstand conditions like rocky and dry soil with ease. It gets its name from curved leaves that appear like loose corkscrews.  The blooming time for corkscrew allium is late summer.
  • Out of all the alliums, Ozawa is the last to bloom.  It forms clump yet brings a tidy look for your perennial gardening. The blooming time is late September or October. Its pink flowers attract bees and you can plant it with other fall flowers.
  • Allium schubertii grows up to 8 feet usually yet worth the effort due to its pink flowers that give the illusion of firework.