Chrysanthemum flowers are a classic addition to brighten the autumn garden. Growing mums is not complicated once you learn the basics of chrysanthemum care. Where you live, however, will somewhat determine how to grow chrysanthemums. How to Grow Chrysanthemums in the Garden Growing mums successfully in the garden first depends on choosing the right chrysanthemum flowers. Attractive florist mums are sold widely, but are not suitable for growing in the garden as they have a limited root system. Caring for potted mums is another worthwhile endeavor for the gardener should this be the case. Advertisement The right chrysanthemum flowers for your garden will come from a diverse selection of hardy or garden mums. When growing mums, you’ll find plants that are dwarf to giant, in colors from white and yellow to the deepest burgundy and purple. Some cultivars bloom in late summer, while others bloom as late as October. Plant your hardy chrysanthemums in spring in northern areas, as they are more likely to survive the winter once established. In southern areas, mums may be planted in either spring or autumn, though fall offers the greatest benefit of avoiding summer heat. In all areas, chrysanthemum flowers should be planted in well-draining soil. When learning how to grow chrysanthemums, you’ll find they’re adaptable to soil types, but do best in organic soils. Mums also prefer a sunny spot in the landscape. Chrysanthemums will grow in partial shade, but may get leggy when reaching for sunlight. Shade grown plants will have weaker stems and exhibit less flowering. Chrysanthemum Care After following these growing suggestions, you’ll want to practice the most important technique of how to care for mums: pinching. When growing mums, this simple practice ensures the most abundant show of late summer and autumn blooms. Begin pinching back growing mums when new growth is 4 to 6 inches, removing the stem above the second set of leaves. This directs the growth downward and ensures your chrysanthemum flowers don’t bloom too early. Continue pinching new growth on all shoots through June. This plant material may also be rooted as cuttings for additional mums for the garden. Some of the newer chrysanthemum cultivars do not need pinching, but most benefit from the practice. Other tips on how to care for mums include fertilizing in spring with a time release fertilizer and planting them far enough apart that the plants get good air circulation. Also plant mums where they are somewhat protected from windy conditions, as in a bed sheltered by a building. A heavy layer of fall mulch is appropriate chrysanthemum care in areas that experience winter freezing.
Chrysanthemums are much-liked by interior decorators, homemakers and gardeners alike. In fact these almost rival roses in terms of popularity. The flowers get their name from Greek word, Chrys, which means golden and anthemon, which means flowers. This also indicates the original color of the flower. The name was given by the renowned Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus. He is also known as the father of modern taxonomy. The flowers of chrysanthemums look anything from daisy to pompous buttons. Even the color of flowers can be different, ranging from purple, red to white.
In the world of flowers, chrysanthemums convey optimism, joy, longevity and fidelity. The different colors of mums represent different emotions that otherwise words fail to express.
Red color mums express love, white flowers represent loyalty and truth in a relationship and yellow color of mums convey platonic love.
Chrysanthemums are composed of disc florets. Each flower is a cluster of many small flowers, combining to make one flower. Each small disc flower is encompassed by ray flowers that are larger in color. Botanists have divided the flowers on the basis of the arrangement of ray and disc flowers. They are classified into intermediate, late flower anemones, sprays, spiders / spoons/ quills, incurved, cascades and reflexed.
Chrysanthemums are native to Eurasian region. These tropical flowers belong to Asteraceae family. This flower family is one of the largest and consists of over 1,000 genera and 20,000 plant species.
Buddhist monks brought mums to Japan and Japanese emperors were so intrigued by the flowers that they ordered to make crown out of them and sat on them. In fact, mums featured on the Imperial Crest of Japan too. Even today, Japan holds annual chrysanthemum exhibitions.
Mums make for wonderful tea and are known to be stress-relaxant.
These are ideal for pot gardening and patio gardening as well.
Except for the requirement of sunny weather, mums are very easy tropical flowers. They can grown in every type of soil and survive in even areas which receive low rainfall. The propagation is done through the division of seed, cutting and roots. You can also sow seeds directly into the soil. The seeds will germinate into flowers. The plants can take at least three months to flower after sowing the seed. The flowering periods for mums is however longer than other flowers.
The transplants of the mums should be thoroughly followed by fertilizers, mulching and watering. The transplants might also need staking in some incidents. You might also need to pinch the seedlings if you are looking for bushy plants. Fertilization should be done just right before the blooming phase. Once the buds are formed, stop fertilizing the plant.
Keep an eye on diseases and pests. Chrysanthemums are prone to nematodes, leafspot, plant bugs, stunt and aphids.
If you see dead flowers and foliage, remove them immediately. This helps in prolong the flowering phase in mums.